Feminization, agricultural transition and rural employment (FATE)

Case studies

Examples of non-traditional exports

Quinoa in Bolivia


Quinoa is a traditional grain that had a very high symbolic importance under the Inca empire. Almost forgotten, interest in this crop has been arising in the Western societies and its production in Bolivia exploded during the two last decades. Today, more than 80% of Bolivian Quinoa production is exported, although with undetermined social and environmental impacts. Photo: Maurice Tschopp

Coffee in Laos


Coffee was introduced in Nepal by the French in the early 1900s. Nowadays Laos produces more high quality coffee, especially Arabica and Catimor. The productions of coffee are located in the south of Laos, on the Boloven Plateau. Big companies and smallholders are both contributing to the industry of coffee. Photo: Stéphanie Jacquet

Cardamom in Nepal


Large cardamom is a well-known spice that is used widely in oriental cooking and available in every supermarket in Europe and North America. In Nepal, an important share of the world large cardamom is produced in the Eastern Region.
Photo: Stéphanie Jaquet

Irish potatoes and beans in Rwanda


In Rwanda, the agricultural sector is developing from largely subsistence to market oriented production.  Beans and Irish potatoes being traditionally produced for home consumption, have recently emerged to the local and regional markets. This is mostly the case in the Northern Province for some districts close to the borders with Uganda and Democratic Republic of Congo. For both crops, women are the most involved either as wage workers or self-employed.